ADHD Treatment

Many treatment options are available for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and it’s important to know what can help you best.

Read on to get informed and consult MEDvidi experts to get professional support.

ADHD Treatment Options

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD/ADD) is a neurodevelopmental condition. It causes unusual levels of inattention, impulsive behavior, and hyperactivity in children and adults.

There are several ways to treat ADHD in adults. Medication, psychoeducation, talk therapy, psychiatric counseling, and family support may all be useful. Medication-based treatment is effective in treating ADHD, but it is rarely the only plan of action. Medicines help to reduce severe symptoms that cause the most discomfort, and then non-drug therapy is added to develop coping mechanisms and new behavioral patterns.

ADHD Medications

Among various ways to treat ADHD, medications frequently become an essential component of the treatment plan. They help reduce disturbing symptoms by affecting neurotransmitters, special chemical messengers, in the brain. A healthcare provider evaluates symptoms, previous response to medications, and other health aspects to decide whether medicine is the best course of action.

The two primary pharmacological classes of ADHD medications are stimulants and non-stimulants.

Central Nervous System (CNS) Stimulants

Stimulants are the most commonly prescribed ADHD medications. They increase norepinephrine and dopamine, which has a soothing effect on people with ADHD. It results in decreased hyperactivity and an increase in focus and attention span.

Some of the stimulant medications most commonly used for ADHD are the following:

Amphetamine-based stimulants

Dexedrine, Adderall,
DextroStat, Adzenys XR-ODT, Desoxyn, Evekeo, Xelstrym


Focalin, Azstarys

Methylphenidate: Concerta, Ritalin, Daytrana, Metadate


If stimulant medications have failed in the treatment of ADHD symptoms or they cause severe side effects, your doctor may recommend non-stimulant medicines. They mainly function by raising the levels of norepinephrine, which helps [1*] to improve memory and focus.

Commonly prescribed non-stimulants include:
Get ready for your appointment
Explore the most common ADHD medicines, their advantages, and side effects to have an informed conversation with your prescriber.

Non-pharmacological Treatments

Talk therapy and behavioral therapy are effective ADHD treatment options. They bring benefits for mood and overall quality of life and can be used alone or in combination with medications. Therapy sessions can help you deal with various difficulties you may face at home, at work, or in relationships because of ADHD symptoms.

CBT [2*] aims to teach you how to alter your beliefs, emotional responses, and behaviors to increase the sense of control over your life. You may discuss different daily challenges with your therapist, including specific situations or general habits. Besides ADHD management, CBT is used to address other conditions like depression and anxiety.

ADHD tends to run in families, indicating a genetic component. The disorder may impact specific genes involved in regulating neurotransmitters and brain development. Studies [3*] have shown that individuals with a family history of ADHD are more likely to develop it.

If you have trouble in social settings because of ADHD, social skills training may be helpful. Like CBT, it aims to instill new, more socially acceptable habits. This knowledge can aid in career and interpersonal interactions.
ADHD coaches support their patients in improving social skills and healthy communication, career and business exploration, emotional and intellectual growth, and careful financial planning. You may get additional motivation for leading a balanced, healthy lifestyle.
Attending support groups is a good way to interact with those who have similar experiences and concerns. It may feel like a relief to realize you’re not alone in dealing with ADHD. There, you can share tips on dealing with and overcoming ADHD and establish an additional support network in a non-judgmental environment.
So many types of healthcare providers…
No worries about the choice! Read our detailed overview 
of healthcare providers who are certified to treat ADHD.

Other Options for ADHD Management

In addition to standard types of treatment for ADHD, you may incorporate self-help methods that can boost the effects of therapy and medications.

People with ADHD should stick to a balanced diet. While there is no strong evidence for this, several studies [4*] have shown that omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid supplements may help improve ADHD symptoms. However, don’t cut down on your meals before consulting a healthcare specialist. Taking supplements also requires consultation because some of them may interact with medications or reduce their effectiveness.

Deep breathing exercises, mindfulness techniques, and meditation can be beneficial for managing ADHD symptoms. They help reduce stress, enhance self-awareness, and promote a calmer mental state. Incorporating these practices into daily routines can contribute to improved focus and emotional regulation.
Establishing and maintaining a consistent sleep routine is crucial for individuals with ADHD. Quality sleep of 7 to 8 hours plays a pivotal role in cognitive function, mood regulation, and attention span. Creating calming bedtime rituals, minimizing screen time before sleep, and ensuring a comfortable sleep environment can help to achieve better sleep quality and, eventually, improved daytime focus and productivity.
Regular physical activity is a powerful tool for ADHD management. Exercise releases neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine, which are associated with improved attention and mood. Activities such as aerobic exercises, yoga, or team sports can provide an outlet for excess energy, enhance executive functioning, and contribute to overall well-being. Whether you want to manage ADHD or improve your overall health by exercising, remember that consistency is key.

Meet Our Medical Team

ADHD treatment for every patient aligns with standard requirements but has specific features. Regular follow-ups allow your healthcare provider to periodically assess your response to treatment, identify potential side effects, and adjust the strategy if needed.

Our medical professionals will guide and support you every step of the way. Book a video visit for ongoing ADHD treatment.

Follow-ups: Monitor Your Results

Each patient’s ADHD treatment guidelines for every patient align with standard requirements but have specific features. Regular follow-ups allow healthcare professionals to periodically assess your symptom response and functional improvement. In addition, monitoring can help identify potential side effects of the chosen treatment and adjust it if needed.
Our medical professionals will guide and support you every step of the way. Book a video visit for ongoing ADHD treatment.


Based on your progress i.e. reduction of ADHD symptoms, you may be suggested to gradually discontinue treatment. Note that stopping any medication should be confirmed with a healthcare provider, considering the potential consequences of unsupervised discontinuation, such as withdrawal symptoms.

Treatment Discontinuation

Based on your progress i.e. reduction of ADHD symptoms, you may be suggested to gradually discontinue treatment. Note that stopping any medication should be confirmed with a healthcare provider, considering the potential consequences of unsupervised discontinuation, such as withdrawal symptoms.

Withdrawal Management

Withdrawal from ADHD medication may involve negative reactions, and professional monitoring helps to deal with them better. Be it a transition to another medication or discontinuation of treatment, consult a healthcare professional to know how to maintain normal well-being during this period.
Treatment starts with the right diagnosis
ADHD is a complex condition and has many diagnostic criteria. Learn more about the overall process and initial steps.
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Frequently Asked Questions

ADHD is not a coping mechanism but a neurodevelopmental disorder recognized by the American Psychiatric Association [5*] . It affects different cognitive functions and behavior and requires treatment. Thinking of it as a coping mechanism and avoiding professional support may increase the stigma around ADHD. It’s important to treat ADHD symptoms if they impact daily life so as not to exacerbate the consequences of leaving it undiagnosed and unmanaged.

The precise cause of ADHD is not fully understood, but genetic, neurological, and environmental factors [6*] are being studied. Triggers vary and may include family history, prenatal exposure to substances, premature birth, and psychosocial factors.

The symptoms of adult ADHD (formerly known as ADD) are classified into two main categories: inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity. The most common nine symptoms include difficulty sustaining attention, frequent careless mistakes, forgetfulness in daily activities, avoidance of tasks requiring sustained mental effort, excessive talking, restlessness, impulsivity, impaired organizational skills, and frequent shifting from one uncompleted activity to another. The intensity of symptoms varies, and they are more frequent and noticeable in mild to severe ADHD.
Adderall, containing salts of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, is one of the most common treatment options for ADHD. It can help improve focus, attention, and impulse control, but its effectiveness varies from person to person. It also poses a risk of various severe side effects and complications such as dependence and addiction. Consultation with a healthcare professional is essential to determine Adderall’s safety for your condition.
Yes, individuals with ADHD can lead fulfilling and successful lives with proper management and support. There are many treatments available for ADHD, from non-stimulant and stimulant medications to therapy to lifestyle adjustments, that can help improve the symptoms. It’s important to seek professional help and recognize your strengths while dealing with the challenges caused by ADHD.
Although medications are more potent, non-medication approaches are also useful to treat a person with ADHD. Behavioral therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), ADHD coaching, and lifestyle changes can be effective alternatives. Ultimately, the choice of treatment for ADD in adults depends on individual needs, the severity of symptoms, and other aspects identified during a thorough evaluation.

Learn more about ADHD


6 sources
  1. Norepinephrine: A Neuromodulator That Boosts the Function of Multiple Cell Types to Optimize CNS Performance
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  2. Cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults
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  3. Genetics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
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  4. Do Omega-3/6 Fatty Acids Have a Therapeutic Role in Children and Young People with ADHD?
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  5. What is ADHD?
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  6. Update on Environmental Risk Factors for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
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