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Lexapro and Alcohol: What to Know About Drinking While Taking Escitalopram

Lexapro and alcohol interaction
Written by:

Rabia Khaliq

MSc in Applied Psychology

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The medications listed on this website are provided for informational purposes only. Their inclusion does not guarantee that they will be prescribed to any individual, as treatment decisions are ultimately at the discretion of healthcare providers. This list is not exhaustive, and healthcare providers may prescribe other medications, including non-stimulant options, based on the patient’s unique health circumstances and needs. Read more

Lexapro is one of the commonly prescribed medications for depression and anxiety. Usually, the basic instructions from healthcare providers include recommendations on the dosage and the schedule for taking medication, but it’s essential to discuss other aspects of treatment too. For example, how to deal with potential side effects and whether it’s safe to drink while taking Lexapro.

Depression and anxiety disorders require careful treatment, so it may be necessary to make certain lifestyle adjustments. Read on to know how Lexapro interacts with alcohol, what possible dangers are, and how alcohol can affect mental health overall.

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About Lexapro

Lexapro belongs to a class of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) and is designed to treat depression and anxiety. The main element of its formula is escitalopram, which inhibits the reuptake of serotonin by neurons to prevent its depletion. It works by increasing the amount of serotonin available in the brain and correcting neurochemical imbalances.

Lexapro was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on October 20, 2002, for sale in the United States. The medication is FDA-approved to treat the following conditions:

It is also sometimes used off-label to treat the following conditions:

Can You Drink Alcohol While Taking Lexapro?

Drinking alcohol while taking Lexapro [1*] can cause an increased risk for drug interactions and impaired alertness or judgment, potentially leading to severe consequences. If you are taking Lexapro or any other SSRI [2*] , it would be wise to avoid alcohol.

Though this medication has proven very useful for many individuals with depression, PTSD, and panic disorder, it’s important to follow the rules to get the necessary effects. Mixing Lexapro and alcohol can cause side effects like drowsiness or extreme fatigue and reduce the efficacy of treatment.

Alcohol can impair judgment and affect mood, so drinking on Lexapro brings the possibility of emotional changes. It’s also good to know that mixing Lexapro and alcohol may prevent your body from processing serotonin correctly, leading to additional side effects like vomiting or diarrhea.

What Happens If You Drink While Taking Lexapro?

If you drink alcohol while taking Lexapro, it can cause post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS [3*] ). Its symptoms include agitation, anorexia or weight loss, and fever or chills without apparent cause. One may also experience insomnia or hypersomnia for more than 12 hours a day for more than five days in a row.

Lexapro and Alcohol Interaction

Both alcohol and Lexapro (escitalopram) can affect the central nervous system. So, when they are used together, it can increase the risk of certain side effects and make the treatment of a mental health disorder less effective.

Alcohol can enhance the sedative effects of Lexapro, leading to dizziness, drowsiness, and impaired coordination. It can also potentially worsen symptoms of depression and anxiety, which Lexapro is commonly prescribed to treat.

See a medical expert online to discuss what medication can help you best and receive a prescription if deemed necessary.

Lexapro and Alcohol: Side Effects

Combining Lexapro with alcohol can result in various side effects, such as:

  • Increased sleepiness and dizziness. Both Lexapro and alcohol have the potential to cause dizziness or drowsiness. When combined, these symptoms can become more pronounced, making it risky to drive or operate machinery.
  • Impaired coordination. Drinking alcohol and taking Lexapro together can make it harder to balance and coordinate, which raises the possibility of mishaps and falls.
  • Worsened anxiety or depression. Because alcohol is a depressant [4*] , it can negate the benefits of using Lexapro to treat mental health disorders. Rather than relieving symptoms, it can make them worse.
  • Mood swings and emotional instability. The interactions of Lexapro and alcohol can cause irritation, mood swings, and emotional instability.
  • Liver problems. When used along with Lexapro, alcohol use may raise the risk of liver issues because of putting additional strain on the liver.
  • Risk of alcohol dependency. Because Lexapro might alter how the body processes alcohol, some people may be more vulnerable to developing alcohol dependence or alcohol use disorder.

Can Lexapro and Alcohol Cause Blackouts?

In some cases, the adverse effects of taking Lexapro with alcohol are more serious, including the risk of alcohol-induced blackouts [5*] . If this happens, it will not only lead you to feel less safe, but it could also lead to potential legal problems, for example,  related to driving while intoxicated.

Effects of Alcohol on Mental Health Disorders

Alcohol consumption can have a substantial effect [6*] on mental health disorders, increasing the likelihood of developing new conditions as well as worsening pre-existing ones. Notably, the impact of alcohol on mental health might differ among individuals and be dependent upon several aspects. These include the quantity and frequency of intake, alcohol tolerance, personal vulnerability, and the particular mental health condition under consideration.

For example, alcohol is a depressant, and although it may offer short-term relief from depressive symptoms, it might make depression worse over time. The excessive consumption of alcohol can upset the chemical balance of the brain, leading to an increase in feelings of depression and hopelessness.

Similar to depression, anxiety symptoms can initially seem to be alleviated by alcohol. However, once the initial intoxication wears off, it frequently raises anxiety levels, which may eventually result in more frequent and severe anxiety.

Other than anxiety and depression, the following are some typical ways that alcohol can either exacerbate or affect all mental health conditions:

  • Suicidal ideation. Alcohol use disorder raises the possibility of suicidal thoughts and actions, which is concerning for those with mental health issues.
  • Cognitive impairment. Chronic alcohol addiction can impair memory, concentration, and decision-making. This can be especially troublesome for people who already struggle with cognitive issues as a result of mental health illnesses.
  • Interference with treatment. Alcohol consumption may reduce the efficacy of the antidepressant medication or some other medicines, making symptom management more challenging.
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Safety Considerations

Taking Alcohol and Lexapro together can cause adverse effects, so use the following general recommendations to make your treatment less stressful:

  • Avoid skipping your Lexapro dose. Skipping a Lexapro medication to have a drink is not advised, it’s advised to avoid drinking. To effectively manage a mental health disorder, you must take your prescription consistently. Your treatment may be disrupted if you miss a dosage.
  • Lexapro after alcohol. Taking Lexapro after alcohol is generally safe, but to reduce the possibility of interactions, it’s advised to wait for some time before doing so. 
  • Hydration. Drinking alcohol can cause dehydration, which can exacerbate the negative effects of drinking and taking Lexapro.
  • Keep an eye on side effects. Pay close attention to any unexpected side effects or deterioration of your mental health. Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you have any adverse side effects or symptoms. 

For more precise advice, speak with your healthcare practitioner.

Summing Up

Mixing Lexapro and alcohol is not recommended since their interactions can cause agitation, insomnia, irritability, hangover, increased anxiety, tension, restlessness, paresthesias (numbness or tingling), tremors (shaking), and sweating (diaphoresis). This also includes the worsening of depressive symptoms.

Remember to always check with your doctor before making any changes to your prescription to avoid adverse effects on your mental health.

Sources

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6 sources
  1. Escitalopram
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  2. Interaction between antidepressants and alcohol: signal amplification by multiple case reports
    Source link
  3. Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS): What Is PAWS?
    Source link
  4. Alcohol, Anxiety, and Depressive Disorders
    Source link
  5. Alcohol-Induced Blackout
    Source link
  6. Alcohol-Use Disorder and Severe Mental Illness
    Source link
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Written by:

Rabia Khaliq

MSc in Applied Psychology
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This article contains scientific references. The numbers
in the parentheses (1, 2, 3) are clickable links to peer-reviewed scientific papers.